Where is the Caribbean Sea located?

Where is the Caribbean Sea located?
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The Caribbean Sea is located in the western Atlantic basin between latitudes 9 and 22 degrees north and longitudes 89 and 60 degrees west. The area of ​​the sea is approximately 2,753,000 square kilometres. The sea is bordered on the south by the coasts of Venezuela, Colombia and Panama, and on the west by Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras. , Guatemala, Belize, and the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, while it is bordered on the north by the Greater Antilles islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, and on the east by the north and south chains of the Lesser Antilles, which consists of an island arc extending from the Virgin Islands in the northeast to Trinidad Off the Venezuelan coast in the southeast, the largest island in this sea is the island of Jamaica in the south of Cuba. [1]

Countries located on the Caribbean Sea

The Caribbean, which has long been referred to as the West Indies, includes about 7000 islands, 13 independent island states and a few overseas territories. The sea includes a large number of small rocky islands such as: the Cay Islands, and a few inhabited coral reefs. The area on all the islands located in the southeast of the Gulf of Mexico, eastern Central America, and northern South America, [2] and the largest cities located on the Caribbean Sea are Santo Domingo, Havana, Santiago de los Caballeros, Port au Prince, Kingston, and Santiago de Cuba , San Juan and Holguin, and the Caribbean includes distinct vacation destinations for tourists, as it is famous for its white sandy beaches, and the region provides many recreational opportunities such as: surfing, diving, and swimming with dolphins. [3]

The geology and climate of the Caribbean

The Caribbean Sea consists of two main basins separated by a wide plateau, and the deepest point in the sea is a trench located between Cuba and Jamaica and is 7,535 meters below sea level . The Caribbean Sea is clear and warm, with a temperature of about 24 degrees Celsius, and it is considered to have less salinity than the ocean. The basin has a very low tidal range of about 3 metres, in addition to the Caribbean Sea has a counterclockwise current that enters the water through the Lesser Antilles, is heated and then exits through the Yucatan Channel, thus forming the Gulf Stream, and volcanoes and earthquakes are common In the sea area, as well as destructive hurricanes that originate in it and in the Atlantic Ocean. [4]

References

  1. John C. Ogden Robert James Menzies, "Caribbean Sea"، www.britannica.com, Retrieved 26-6-2018. Edited.
  2. "Caribbean", www.worldatlas.com,19-9-2016، Retrieved 26-6-2018. Edited.
  3. "Caribbean Map", www.mapsofworld.com,15-5-2017، Retrieved 26-6-2018. Edited.
  4. "Caribbean Sea", www.encyclopedia.com,25-6-2018، Retrieved 26-6-2018